How many solar workers are in your state, county, metro area, and congressional district? How has solar employment in your area changed from one year to the next? Get all the local data on the U.S. solar workforce at the Solar Jobs Map, an online resource published by The Solar Foundation.
Solar jobs data comes from the National Solar Jobs Census, The Solar Foundation’s annual report on solar industry employment. This report, published annually since 2010, represents the most comprehensive and rigorous analysis of solar labor market trends in the United States. The solar industry employs more than 242,000 Americans as of 2018.
How to Use The Map
The Solar Jobs Map includes employment data for 2018, the most recent year for which data is available. Toggle between 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015 to see how the solar workforce has changed over time.
While viewing the national map, click on “states” in the top left corner to see the number of solar jobs by state. On the right side, click through the menu bar to view states based on other criteria, including jobs per capita, growth since 2017, jobs by employment sector, jobs held by women and veterans, and more. Below the menu bar, you’ll find key statistics on solar employment and the solar industry nationwide.
To get more information at the local level, click on any state. Using the menu directly above the map, you can view each state by county, U.S. congressional district, metropolitan statistical area, and state House and Senate districts. Please note that geographic areas with less than 20 solar jobs are colored in grey and marked as <20, as jobs are too low in that area to precisely quantify.
On the right-hand side, you’ll find more statistics on the solar workforce and solar industry within each state. You’ll also find a link to our solar jobs fact sheets for each state, which put all the information in one place.
To the bottom left are links to additional information, including:
- A map of K-12 schools with solar installations, based on our joint research with Generation 180 and the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA)
- The full National Solar Jobs Census 2018 report
- In-depth case studies on solar companies and their workforce
- Our solar industry workforce development platform
Thanks to Our Sponsors
The Solar Foundation is grateful to all sponsors of the National Solar Jobs Census 2018. Without your support, our work and this map would not be possible. A complete list of sponsors can be found here.
Unless otherwise noted, data for the map comes from The Solar Foundation’s National Solar Jobs Census. The National Solar Jobs Census is based on a rigorous survey of known and potential solar energy establishments or locations. Since 2010, The Solar Foundation has defined a solar job as one held by a worker spending at least 50% of his or her time on solar-related work.
Other non-jobs related facts and figures included in the map were compiled from a variety of sources:
- SEIA provided the data used to estimate “Number of Homes Powered by Solar.” “Total Solar Companies” was derived from SEIA’s National Solar Database as of Q3 2018. “Cumulative Installed Capacity” was derived from SEIA/Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables U.S. Solar Market Insight as of Q3 2018. Updated figures from Q4 2018 are included in the State Fact Sheets.
- “Solar as Percent of Total Power Generation” and all electricity price information is derived from data from the Energy Information Administration.
- “Location Quotient” refers to an analytical statistic that measures a state’s industrial specialization relative to the nation. The location quotient is calculated as the solar industry’s share of a state’s total jobs divided by the industry’s share of the national total. For example, an LQ of 1.0 means that the region and the nation are equally specialized in solar; while an LQ of 1.8 means that the region has a higher concentration in solar than the nation. Information for the total number of state and national jobs is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- “Net Metering Policy Grade” and “Interconnection Policy Grade” were both obtained from Freeing the Grid 2015, a joint project of The Vote Solar Initiative, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, and EQ Research. It is important to note that these 2015 grades do not necessarily reflect current practices. Due to state legislation changes, The Solar Foundation updated net metering grades for Connecticut, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Nevada, New York, Ohio, and Utah. Additionally, The Solar Foundation updated interconnection grades for Iowa and Minnesota due to state legislation changes.
- “PACE Financing Status” was obtained from PACENation’s “PACE Programs Near You” map.
- Information on “Community Solar Policy” is from Shared Renewables HQ, an initiative of Vote Solar in partnership with Lee Barken, CPA, LEED-AP.
- Information on the “Legal Status of Third-Party Ownership,” “Renewable Portfolio Standard Target,” and “RPS Solar Carve-out Target” was all sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, produced and maintained by the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center at North Carolina State University.
- Information on “Community Choice Aggregation” was obtained from the Local Energy Aggregation Network’s “CCA by State” map.
- Information on “State Installer Licensing Requirements” was obtained from Interstate Renewable Energy Council’s “National Solar Licensing Map.” The information in The Solar Foundation’s map states the necessary licenses to become a solar installer, please refer to this map for more detailed information regarding state installer licensing such as ratio requirements and incentive requirements.
Questions? Comments? We want to hear from you!
If you have questions about the map or the National Solar Jobs Census, please contact The Solar Foundation.