How many solar workers are in your state, county, metro area, and congressional district? How has solar employment in your area changed from one year to the next? Get all the local data on the U.S. solar workforce at the Solar Jobs Map, an online resource published by The Solar Foundation.
Solar jobs data comes from the National Solar Jobs Census, The Solar Foundation’s annual report on solar industry employment. This report, published each year since 2010, represents the most comprehensive and rigorous analysis of solar labor market trends in the United States. The solar industry employs nearly 250,000 Americans as of 2019.
How to Use The Map
The Solar Jobs Map includes employment data for 2019, the most recent year for which data is available. Toggle between 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015 to see how the solar workforce has changed over time.
While viewing the national map, click on “states” in the top left corner to see the number of solar jobs by state. On the right side, click through the menu bar to view states based on other criteria, including jobs per capita, growth since 2018, jobs by employment sector, jobs held by women and veterans, and more. Below the menu bar, you’ll find key statistics on solar employment and the solar industry nationwide.
To get more information at the local level, click on any state. Using the menu directly above the map, you can view each state by county, U.S. congressional district, metropolitan statistical area, and state House and Senate districts. Please note that geographic areas with less than 20 solar jobs are colored in grey and marked as <20, as jobs are too low in that area to precisely quantify.
On the right-hand side, you’ll find more statistics on the solar workforce and solar industry within each state. You’ll also find a link to our solar jobs fact sheets for each state, which put all the information in one place.
To the bottom left are links to additional information, including:
- The full National Solar Jobs Census 2019 report
- The U.S. Solar Industry Diversity Study with detailed information on diversity, equity, and inclusion in the solar workforce
- Our solar industry workforce development platform
Thanks to Our Sponsors
The Solar Foundation is grateful to all sponsors of the National Solar Jobs Census 2019. Without your support, our work and this map would not be possible. Special thanks to the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) for providing in-kind assistance on updating the Solar Jobs Map with 2019 data. A complete list of sponsors can be found here.
Unless otherwise noted, data for the map comes from The Solar Foundation’s National Solar Jobs Census. The National Solar Jobs Census is based on a rigorous survey of known and potential solar energy establishments or locations. Since 2010, The Solar Foundation has defined a solar job as one held by a worker spending at least 50% of his or her time on solar-related work.
Other non-jobs related facts and figures included in the map were compiled from a variety of sources:
- Cumulative installed capacity was derived from SEIA/Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables U.S. Solar Market Insight as of Q4 2019.
- “Total Solar Companies” was derived from SEIA’s National Solar Database as of Q4 2019.
- SEIA provided the data used to estimate “Equivalent Number of Homes Powered by Solar.”
- “Solar Resource Rank” is obtained from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
- “Solar as Percent of Total Power Generation” and all electricity price information is derived from data from the Energy Information Administation.
- “Location Quotient” refers to an analytical statistic that measures a state’s industrial specialization relative to the nation. The location quotient is calculated as the solar industry’s share of a state’s total jobs divided by the industry’s share of the national total. For example, an LQ of 1.0 means that the region and the nation are equally specialized in solar; while an LQ of 1.8 means that the region has a higher concentration in solar than the nation. Information for the total number of state and national jobs is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- “Net Metering Policy Grade” and “Interconnection Policy Grade” were both assigned by The Solar Foundation. In most cases, these grades were based on Freeing the Grid 2015, a joint project of The Vote Solar Initiative, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, and EQ Research. Since these 2015 grades do not necessarily reflect current practices, The Solar Foundation adjusted the grades to account for today’s policy environment in each state.
- Information on the “Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) Target,” “Percentage of RPS Targeted for Solar,” and “Legal Status of Third-Party Ownership” was all sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, produced and maintained by the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center at North Carolina State University.
- “PACE Financing Status” was obtained from PACENation’s “PACE Programs Near You” map.
- Information on “Community Choice Aggregation” was obtained from the Local Energy Aggregation Network’s “CCA by State” map.
- Information on “Community Solar Policy” is from the Interstate Renewable Energy Council’s (IREC) 2019 National Shared Renewables Scorecard.
- Information on “State Installer Licensing Requirements” was obtained from the IREC “National Solar Licensing Map.” Please refer to the IREC map for more detailed information regarding state installer licensing such as ratio requirements and incentive requirements.
Questions? Comments? We want to hear from you!
If you have questions about the map or the National Solar Jobs Census, please contact The Solar Foundation.