How many solar workers are in your state, county, metro area, and congressional district? How has solar employment in your area changed from one year to the next? Get all the local data on the U.S. solar workforce at the Solar Jobs Map, an online resource published by The Solar Foundation.
Solar jobs data comes from the National Solar Jobs Census, The Solar Foundation’s annual report on solar industry employment. This report, published annually since 2010, represents the most comprehensive and rigorous analysis of solar labor market trends in the United States.
Coinciding with the solar industry’s rapid growth, the solar workforce has nearly tripled since 2010 and now employs more than 250,000 Americans.
Solar jobs are in all 50 states and everywhere from major cities to rural areas. Solar careers can be found in a wide range of professions, which include installers, manufacturers, engineers, project managers, sales and marketing professionals, architects, financial analysts, researchers, software developers, and more. Solar jobs are available to all educational levels and pay higher than the national average.
The National Solar Jobs Census is based on a rigorous survey of known and potential solar energy establishments or locations. Since 2010, The Solar Foundation has defined a solar job as one held by a worker spending at least 50% of his or her time on solar-related work. Complete information on the survey methodology can be found here.
How to Use The Map
The Solar Jobs Map includes employment data for 2017, the most recent year for which data is available. Toggle between 2017, 2016, and 2015 to see how the solar workforce has changed over time.
The map allows you to view solar jobs by states, divisions (geographic regions), counties, metro areas, and congressional districts. Zoom in on a state to see a detailed map of solar jobs by county, metro area, U.S. congressional district, and state House and Senate districts.
While viewing the national map, look on the right side and you’ll see the total number of solar jobs nationwide. Below, you’ll find list of the top 10 states for solar jobs. Click through the menu to view the top states based on other criteria, including jobs per capita, growth since 2016, top states by employment sectors, and much more. Below that, you’ll find key statistics on solar employment and the solar industry nationwide.
Once you zoom in on a state, you’ll find the same information on the right-hand side customized to the state level. This includes the top 10 counties based on solar jobs and other key metrics, followed by more statistics on the solar workforce and solar industry within that state. You’ll also find a link to our solar jobs fact sheets for each state, which put all the information in one place. This year, a fact sheet for Puerto Rico is also available.
Unless otherwise noted, data for the map comes from The Solar Foundation’s National Solar Jobs Census. Other non-jobs related facts and figures included in the map were compiled from a variety of sources:
- The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) provided the data used to estimate “Number of Homes Powered by Solar.” “Cumulative Installed Capacity” and “Total Solar Companies” were derived from SEIA’s Solar State by State Map and National Solar Database, respectively.
- Data for “Number of K-12 Solar Schools” and “Percent of Solar Schools” is from Brighter Future: A Study on Solar in U.S. Schools, 2nd Edition, a report by The Solar Foundation, Generation 180, and SEIA.
- “Solar as Percent of Total Power Generation” and all electricity price information is derived from data from the Energy Information Administration.
- “Location Quotient” refers to an analytical statistic that measures a state’s industrial specialization relative to the nation. The location quotient is calculated as the solar industry’s share of a state’s total jobs divided by the industry’s share of the national total. For example, an LQ of 1.0 means that the region and the nation are equally specialized in solar; while an LQ of 1.8 means that the region has a higher concentration in solar than the nation. Information for the total number of state and national jobs is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- “Net Metering Policy Grade” and “Interconnection Policy Grade” were both obtained from Freeing the Grid 2015, a joint project of The Vote Solar Initiative, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, and EQ Research. Due to state legislation changes, the Solar Foundation updated net metering grades for Nevada, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, and Utah.
- “PACE Financing Status” was obtained from PACENation’s “PACE Programs Near You” map.
- Information on “Community Solar Policy” is from Shared Renewables HQ, an initiative of Vote Solar in partnership with Lee Barken, a CPA and LEED-AP.
- Information on the “Legal Status of Third-Party Ownership,” “Renewable Portfolio Standard Target,” and “RPS Solar Carve-out Target” was all sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, produced and maintained by the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center at North Carolina State University.
Questions? Comments? We want to hear from you!
If you have questions about the map or the National Solar Jobs Census, please contact The Solar Foundation.